Nova Scotia

ABOUT Nova Scotia

Located on the southeastern coast of Canada, this Canadian province of Nova Scotia is a beautiful region dominated by water. Water not just makes up for the beauty and grandeur of the place but also provides a strong link between the history and culture of the province.

The attractions of Nova Scotia are its extensive coastline and a variety of activities along its side such as ocean kayaking, whale watching etc. Along with it the province boasts of some wonderful cities that are rich in scenic splendor, historic sites and other lures.

The capital city Halifax is one of the world's ideal ports for small ship cruises in Canada. With a city area of 79.2 square kilometers and municipality area of 5,490.90 square kilometers, Halifax is also the largest city in the province.

The city greets its visitors with a 400 kilometers long and dramatic coastline, white sandy beaches and one of the world's largest natural harbors. Though most of what the city offers is associated with water but the cultural events and traditional ambience of the place try to maintain a balance.

With best-suited business meeting accommodations and amenities, delectable cuisine and great music, colorful markets and thrilling nightlife Halifax is a world-class place for business and pleasure. The Halifax Regional Municipality is an international urban center with a rural status. The center is full of life and activity. Few miles away from the center are the small coastal villages, country charm and wilderness that best characterize the province of Nova Scotia.


With a mere area of 55,284 square kilometers and approximate population of 937,889 Nova Scotia is the second smallest province and also the fourth least populated province of Canada.

The province of Nova Scotia has old origins. Around 11,000 years ago Paleo- Indians came to settle in the region. The place also witnessed settlements by the Archaic Indians. It is deemed that Mi?kmaq, the First Nations of the province and region are the direct descendants of these archaic Indians.

In 1497 John Cabot became the first Italian explorer to enter the region. In 1604 the first European settlement in Nova Scotia took place. In the very year a group of French people led by Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Monts established the foremost capital for the colony Acadia at Port Royal.

In 1620 Charles I of England and Scotland a group of Scots to establish the colony of Nova Scotia, also known as New Scotland. But before the colony could be settled the Scots and the French signed a peace treaty. Owing to the treaty the territory was ceded to the French and the Scots deserted the region.

In 1713 the mainland Nova Scotia became a British colony. Samuel Vetch was the governor at that time. Though in sometime Halifax was established as the capital of the province and there were many settlements of the German foreign Protestants yet the region remained mostly Acadian in nature.

In 1848 Nova Scotia became the first colony in British North America and in the British Empire to acquire a responsible government. Nova Scotia was also the first province to claim independence from Canada.

Name HASC SGC Area(Km.²) Population County seat
Annapolis CA.NS.AP 05 3,328 22,324 Annapolis Royal
Antigonish CA.NS.AG 14 1,401 19,554 Antigonish
Cape Breton CA.NS.CB 17 2,517 117,849 Sydney
Colchester CA.NS.CO 10 3,758 49,262 Truro
Cumberland CA.NS.CU 11 4,359 33,804 Amherst
Digby CA.NS.DI 03 2,512 20,500 Digby
Guysborough CA.NS.GU 13 4,172 10,917 Guysborough
Halifax CA.NS.HL 09 5,343 342,966 Halifax
Hants CA.NS.HN 08 3,183 39,483 Windsor
Inverness CA.NS.IN 15 3,649 20,918 Port Hood
Kings CA.NS.KI 07 2,181 59,193 Kentville
Lunenburg CA.NS.LU 06 3,028 47,561 Lunenburg
Pictou CA.NS.PI 12 2,911 48,718 Pictou
Queens CA.NS.QU 04 2,546 12,417 Liverpool
Richmond CA.NS.RI 16 1,267 11,022 Arichat
Shelburne CA.NS.SH 01 2,536 17,002 Shelburne
Victoria CA.NS.VI 18 2,862 8,482 Baddeck
Yarmouth CA.NS.YA 02 2,170 27,310 Yarmouth
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • SGC: Standard Geographical Classification division
    code. Prefix 12 to get a four-digit code.
  • Population: 1996 census.

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